28th Annual Academy Awards Results and Commentary (1956)

  • Date of Ceremony: Wednesday, March 21, 1956
  • For films released in: 1955
  • Host(s): Jerry Lewis (video), Claudette Colbert (video) and Joseph L. Mankiewicz (video)
Other years:

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The 28th Annual Academy Awards ceremony took place on March 21st, 1956. Broadcast again on NBC, Jerry Lewis handled the hosting duties at the RKO Pantages in Hollywood, while Claudette Colbert and Joseph L. Mankiewicz handled the hosting from the Century Theatre in New York.

Marty, the cinematic remake of a TV movie, went home with four Oscars: Best Picture, Best Director (Delbert Mann), Best Actor (Ernest Borgnine) and Best Writing (Screenplay) for Paddy Chayefsky.

A noteworthy part of the ceremony was the presentation of Best Actor by screen icon Grace Kelly. She had already announced her retirement and within days of the ceremony headed off to marry Prince Rainier of Monaco.


Best Motion Picture

  • Marty
    Harold Hecht [Producer]

Best Directing

  • Marty
    Delbert Mann

Best Actor

  • Marty
    Ernest Borgnine

Best Actress

  • The Rose Tattoo
    Anna Magnani

Best Actor in a Supporting Role

  • Mister Roberts
    Jack Lemmon

Best Actress in a Supporting Role

  • East of Eden
    Jo Van Fleet

Honorary Foreign Language Film Award

  • Samurai, The Legend of Musashi
    Note: Best Foreign Language Film first released in the United States during 1955.

Best Art Direction (Black-and-White)

  • The Rose Tattoo
    Hal Pereira [Art Direction], Tambi Larsen [Art Direction], Sam Comer [Set Decoration] and Arthur Krams [Set Decoration]

Best Art Direction (Color)

  • Picnic
    William Flannery [Art Direction], Jo Mielziner [Art Direction] and Robert Priestley [Set Decoration]

Best Cinematography (Black-and-White)

  • The Rose Tattoo
    James Wong Howe

Best Cinematography (Color)

  • To Catch a Thief
    Robert Burks

Best Costume Design (Black-and-White)

  • I'll Cry Tomorrow
    Helen Rose

Best Costume Design (Color)

  • Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing
    Charles LeMaire

Best Documentary (Feature)

  • Helen Keller in Her Story
    Nancy Hamilton

Best Documentary (Short Subject)

  • Men against the Arctic
    Walt Disney

Best Film Editing

  • Picnic
    Charles Nelson and William A. Lyon

Best Music (Music Score of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture)

  • Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing
    Alfred Newman

Best Music (Song)

  • Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing "Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing"
    Sammy Fain [Music by] and Paul Francis Webster [Lyrics by]

Best Short Subject (Cartoon)

  • Speedy Gonzales
    Edward Selzer

Best Short Subject (One-reel)

  • Survival City
    Edmund Reek

Best Short Subject (Two-reel)

  • The Face of Lincoln
    Wilbur T. Blume

Best Sound Recording

  • Oklahoma!
    Todd-AO Sound Department and Fred Hynes [Sound Director]

Best Special Effects

  • The Bridges at Toko-Ri
    Paramount Studio

Best Writing (Screenplay)

  • Marty
    Paddy Chayefsky

Best Writing (Story and Screenplay)

  • Interrupted Melody
    William Ludwig and Sonya Levien

Best Writing (Motion Picture Story)

  • Love Me or Leave Me
    Daniel Fuchs

Scientific or Technical Award (Class I)

  • National Carbon Company
    Note: …for the development and production of a high efficiency yellow flame carbon for motion picture color photography.

Scientific or Technical Award (Class II)

  • Eastman Kodak Company
    Note: …for Eastman Tri-X Panchromatic Negative Film.
  • Farciot Edouart, Hal Corl and Paramount Studio Transparency Department
    Note: …for the engineering and development of a double-frame, triple-head background projector.

Scientific or Technical Award (Class III)

  • 20th Century-Fox Studio and Bausch & Lomb Optical Company
    Note: …for the new combination lenses for CinemaScope Photography.
  • Walter Jolley [of 20th Century-Fox Studio], Maurice Larson [of 20th Century-Fox Studio] and R.H. Spies [of 20th Century-Fox Studio]
    Note: …for a spraying process which creates simulated metallic surfaces.
  • Steve Krilanovich
    Note: …for an improved camera dolly incorporating multi-directional steering.
  • Dave Anderson [of 20th Century-Fox Studio]
    Note: …for an improved spotlight capable of maintaining a fixed circle of light at constant intensity over varied distances.
  • Loren L. Ryder, Charles West, Henry Fracker and Paramount Studios
    Note: …for a projection film index to establish proper framing for various aspect ratios.
  • Farciot Edouart, Hal Corl and Paramount Studio Transparency Department
    Note: …for an improved dual stereopticon background projector.
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